Dental prostheses: costs, types & options at a glance | english (2024)

  • Expat Guide

Why are third teeth actually such a taboo? We shed light on a topic that affects almost all of us sooner or later. There is a lot to learn about the different types of dentures - not to mention the process, costs, types & risks!

Dental prostheses: costs, types & options at a glance | english (1)

by dentist Dr. Jens Gottschalk

Contents:

The most important information in a nutshell

  • Dental prostheses costs in comparison: If you need a crown, a dental bridge, or an implant, it can be really expensive for you. A single dental crown usually costs up to €1,300, a dental bridge up to €2,100 and an implant up to €3,400.
  • Public health insurance contributes to medically a necessary dental prosthesis with a fixed allowance. This subsidy is usually between 50% and 75% of the total costs for crowns and bridges. However, only the most favorable solution is subsidized: if, for example, you want higher-quality material, you have to bear the additional costs yourself.
  • Dental implants are not part of the standard treatment and are only covered by the public health insurance in exceptional cases. The benefits of supplementary dental insurance close this gap in coverage and protect against high costs for dental prostheses.

Why do I need dental prostheses at all?

People need different types of dental prostheses or tooth replacements at any age. For example, if you suffer from a disease such as periodontitis or caries, which can lead to tooth loss if left untreated, or if you have lost one or more teeth in an accident, then you will need dentures even at a young age.

Even if your partner knocked out your front tooth during boxing training, you probably don't ask yourself this question: In this case, it is simply a question of aesthetics, among other things. But what if a molar tooth is missing that is not visible anyway? Even then, it makes sense to replace the missing teeth. Otherwise, your chewing function may be limited, the teeth may shift or problems with the jaw joint may arise. The formation of sounds can also suffer from missing teeth. It is best to consult a dentist you trust and, if in doubt, get several opinions.

We would like to answer the types of dentures as well as the procedures, costs and risks involved in treatment with the help of the 11 most frequently asked questions on the subject - so that you are best prepared for your new teeth!

What types of dental prostheses are there and what is an implant?

If you are looking for a suitable dental prosthesis, you will first be confronted by numerous options. Depending on the individual case, there are different types of dentures - the procedure, costs and risks also differ with each treatment. Which tooth replacement options are suitable for you can therefore be very different. We have compiled a brief overview for you:

Fixed dentures

Fixed dentures include partial dental crowns, fill dental crowns and dental bridges.

  • A dental crown or partial dental crown is used when a tooth is so badly damaged that a simple filling would no longer guarantee sufficient stability for the tooth. It replaces the missing tooth structure and is placed over the natural tooth like a protective cap. It can be made of metal or tooth-colored ceramic.
  • A dental bridge, as the name suggests, connects the remaining teeth in front of and behind a gap via a tooth placed in between, thus closing it invisibly. This is always possible if the remaining teeth are strong and resilient. It can also be made of metal or ceramic.
  • A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is anchored in the jawbone. A dental prosthesis is then attached to it with the help of a connecting piece. This can be either a crown or a bridge.

Removable dental prostheses

Unlike fixed dental prostheses, removable dentures are not firmly attached to your natural teeth. There are not only the classic dentures, i.e. a complete denture when there are no teeth left at all, but also different types of partial dentures.

A distinction is made between purely removable partial dentures and so-called combined fixed-removable dentures. Such restorations are always used when too many of your own teeth have been lost and fixed bridges are therefore no longer possible.

Purely removable dentures hold on to your natural teeth with clasps.

Combined dental prostheses

In addition to fixed dental prostheses and removable dentures, there is also a combination of the two.

In the case of combined fixed-removable partial dentures, they are connected to your teeth via different types of special dental crowns. This gives them much greater stability in the mouth greatly increases the comfort of wearing and chewing.

These dentures include, for example, the telescopic dental prosthesis, the attachment dental prosthesis, the bar dental prothesis and the push-button dental prosthesis.

But all removable or combined dentures have one thing in common: even if they have not been in the water glass overnight for a long time, they must be removed from the mouth at least twice a day for brushing.

Dental crowns, dentures, implants, etc. - What are the advantages and disadvantages of dental prostheses?

A suitable dental prosthesis can be a great relief. However, it is not always easy to decide between the different types and there are often so many options that it is easy to lose track.

That's why we want to give you a little help here in making your decision:

  • Fixed dental prostheses, i.e. partial dental crowns, fill dental crowns or dental bridges on your own teeth or on implants come closest to your natural teeth and cannot be distinguished from them either visually or in terms of chewing feel. However, you will have to be a little more patient when deciding to use implants. Since they have to grow firmly into your jaw over several months, it takes a little time for your tooth gap to disappear.
  • Removable or combined fixed-removable dentures are particularly suitable in cases where many teeth have already been lost and their replacement with implants is not feasible for medical or financial reasons. But especially a combination of removable partial dentures and suitable dental crowns for anchoring in the mouth, allows also in these cases, after a short acclimatization, a comfortable and safe chewing feeling. Depending on the effort and technique, these partial dentures are also barely visible.
  • Purely removable dentures and partial dentures can often be helpful in bridging waiting times after implant surgery. But even if more extensive pretreatment of your teeth is necessary before the final restoration with dental prosthesis, these partial dentures can quickly and inexpensively restore your chewing function.

The after-effects and advantages of dentures at a glance:

  • Feels better than the removable version.
  • Is well anchored and cannot slip or fall out - for example, when eating.
  • Usually looks better, almost indistinguishable from real teeth.

  • With the dental bridge, healthy teeth have to be ground for the insertion. These are damaged as a result.
  • Implants are very expensive and have to be paid for by the patient, depending on the insurance.

  • Cost absorption by the health insurance.
  • Fast and unproblematic production.

  • Dentures slip easily and therefore often require adhesive cream.
  • Impede eating and sometimes speaking.
  • Do not feel like real teeth.

  • A clasp prosthesis is usually paid for by the health insurance.
  • Here, too, the fitting is relatively quick and uncomplicated.

  • Visually, this does not come close to the fixed denture.
  • The clasp denture has visible connecting elements.

What dental implant materials are available?

The only materials commonly used for dental implants today are ceramic and titanium. The latter is the most common.

  • Titanium is generally well tolerated by the body and no allergies are known. In addition, titanium is very durable.
  • White ceramics (or rather zinc oxide ceramics), on the other hand, are mainly convincing due to their optical advantages.

Both titanium and ceramic are bioinert. This means that they are not recognized by the bone as foreign bodies. This property is critically important for them to grow firmly into your jawbone. Once this has happened, implants can be used like your own teeth in the provision of dentures.

What is the procedure for a dental implant?

Patients usually have many questions about how the dental implant treatment process works. For the patient, this is not much different from other operations. You have to go through these stages for your new teeth:

  1. During a preliminary consultation with the dentist, you will be informed about your options.
  2. This is followed by a complete examination of your dentition, during which it is determined, for example, whether there is sufficient jawbone or whether there is an inflammation that needs to be treated before the implantation.
  3. Now your implant procedure is planned - usually with the help of 3D technology. You will also receive a cost overview of your treatment.
  4. On the day of the operation, the implant is usually inserted painlessly under local anesthesia, but nitrous oxide or a general anesthetic are also possible after consultation.
  5. During the operation, a hole is drilled in your jaw in the place where the implant will later be placed, which corresponds exactly to the shape of the implant. The implant is then inserted there. The surgical wound is then sutured tightly and the implant can grow together with your jawbone undisturbed in the coming months.
  6. During the first days after the operation, you must refrain from nicotine, alcohol, coffee, and exhausting sports. Moderate exercise is allowed.
  7. In rare cases, complications may occur after the treatment. For example, the area around the implant and the jawbone can become inflamed - this is called peri-implantitis. If you feel pain, even years after the operation, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible.

How much do dental prostheses cost?

Do you brush your teeth thoroughly every day and regularly go for professional dental cleaning and check-ups? Nevertheless, sooner or later your teeth may be damaged to such an extent that you need dental prostheses. What are the options then? What do dental crowns, dental bridges, and implants cost? What does the public health insurance cover and how high is your own contribution to dental prostheses? We will clarify these questions below.

The cost of dental prostheses is determined by several factors. Depending on which tooth is missing, how healthy your remaining teeth are, which material is used, and which laboratory is chosen, several thousand euros can quickly add up.

Dental prostheses come in different forms: Dental crowns and implants are considered fixed prostheses. The cost is around €1,300 for a single crown and up to €3,400 for an implant. If you need additional bone augmentation in the jaw before treatment, it will be even more expensive.

Telescopic dentures and full dentures are removable dental prostheses and cost up to €850, depending on the model. You have not been very careful with your oral hygiene in the past and would like to have completely new teeth made? The costs for this are open - but you should expect at least €20,000 for a complete dental restoration with implants.

Denturetype

Cost

Crown (ceramic)

750 - 950 € per tooth

Crown (gold)

900 - 1.250 € per tooth

Dental implant

1.800 - 3.400 € per tooth

Bone augmentation for implant

1.300 - 3.200 €

Bridge three-unit (ceramic)

1.900 - 2.500 €

Bridge three-unit (gold)

2.300 - 2.700 €

Full denture

500 - 850 € per jaw

Are dental prostheses paid for by health insurance?

If you have public health insurance and need to have missing or diseased teeth replaced, your first question will probably be whether your health insurance will cover the cost of dentures. In principle, the public health insurance only covers basic medical care. If you have pain when chewing or if there is a threat of serious dental and jaw problems due to your missing teeth, the dental prosthesis is considered medically necessary. In this case, you will receive a fixed allowance for dental prostheses from your health insurance.

After the diagnosis, the dentist must prepare a treatment and cost plan for you, which you must submit to the health insurance company. Your health insurance usually covers about half of the average cost of this basic medical care. You usually have to pay the rest out of your own pocket. A higher fixed subsidy and thus a lower personal contribution is usually only available if you can show a complete bonus booklet or if the hardship regulation applies to you, for example because you are a Hartz IV recipient.

Attention: Fixed allowance only for basic restoration

The fixed allowance is generally only paid for basic medical care, i.e. for the most favorable care of your teeth. However, the inexpensive standard treatment is rarely the best solution for your smile - and not the most beautiful either.

It is always only a part of the total costs incurred. Depending on the type of dental prosthesis and your wishes and ideas, these can be several times the amount of the health insurance subsidy. It can therefore be worthwhile to take out supplementary dental insurance, with which you can significantly reduce the co-payment costs of dental prostheses.

If you want higher-quality dental fillings, an aesthetic ceramic bridge or crown, or even a visually inconspicuous dental implant, you always have to pay the additional costs yourself. This is where supplementary dental insurance comes into play: depending on the tariff selected, it compensates for the lack of protection provided by the statutory health insurance and pays for the additional private medical services at the dentist. You no longer have to worry about the financial burden of high-quality dentures.

How much is the fixed allowance for a dental crown?

If a tooth is extensively damaged, for example because a significant part has broken off or is affected by caries, the dentist will probably recommend a crown as a tooth replacement. This is a kind of shell that is placed partially or completely around the damaged tooth - dentists distinguish between a full dental crown and a partial crown. People with statutory health insurance receive a fixed allowance for standard care, i.e. for the most favorable option of having a crown made. The fixed allowance is currently 60% of the treatment costs. If the patient keeps a bonus book for five years, the fixed allowance is 70%, and after ten years it is 75%.

If the tooth to be crowned lies within the mouth in the visible area, there is an additional allowance for a lip-side ceramic, i.e. for a veneer. Public health insurance also pays a subsidy for an additional post anchorage. If you qualify for the hardship provision, public health insurance will cover up to 100% of the costs for a medically necessary crown. However, the treatment and cost plan must be approved by public health insurance before treatment. Depending on which tooth must be crowned, whether you can show a complete bonus booklet and whether the hardship regulation applies to you, the total subsidy for a dental crown is currently up to € 429.96.

What does public health insurance pay for implants?

Implants belong to the fixed dental prostheses: artificial tooth roots are anchored in the jawbone, which are fitted with dental crowns or bridges. This form of tooth replacement is both visually and functionally indistinguishable from natural teeth and is therefore very popular - but also expensive. The cost of a high-quality dental implant with a titanium root and ceramic crown is usually between €1,800 and €3,400.

Public health insurance does not normally cover this treatment. It only subsidizes the dental prosthesis on the implant as part of the standard care. All other costs, including regular check-ups and prescribed medication, are borne by the patient. Only in justified exceptional cases, for example if less expensive dentures are impossible due to severe jaw defects, does public health insurance fund dental implants.

What does the health insurance pay for dental bridges?

A dental bridge is used to close gaps between teeth. Natural, healthy teeth or implants are used as "abutments" to provide support for the bridge in the jaw. The dental bridge then replaces the missing tooth or teeth - it can be fixed or removable. Since dental bridges are part of the standard dental therapy, public health insurance contributes to the costs with a fixed subsidy: without a bonus booklet, the subsidy amounts to about half of the total costs. The amount depends, among other things, on the position of the bridge, the material used, and how good or bad the overall condition of the dentition is. A three-unit bridge restoration with zirconia can cost as much as €3,000.

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Dental prostheses FAQs

Dental prostheses are intended to replace missing teeth and ensure that, for example, your chewing function is fully restored. The costs depend on the form of the dental prosthesis, the desired material, the laboratory costs and the difficulty of the procedure. Your dentist's treatment and cost plan will provide information about the costs.

In the case of dental treatment, public health insurance fund only grants fixed subsidies for the standard treatment. It covers 50 percent of this. If you want more services, the fixed allowance remains unaffected and you have to pay even more out of your own pocket.

The private health insurance ensures you high-quality services at the dentist. For dental prostheses, you can get up to 100 percent of the costs reimbursed. If you have statutory health insurance, you can close the gaps in benefits provided by public health insurance with private supplementary dental insurance.

Which type of dental prosthesis is right for you depends entirely on your individual case. Do you place more value on appearance and comfort than on cost? Then an implant is probably the best solution for you. Weigh up what your priorities are and get comprehensive advice. Always keep in mind that your teeth will not come back: Your third teeth will probably stay for the rest of your life.

If you are over 18 years old, you should be eligible for dental prostheses. If you are younger, your bone growth may not yet be complete. This usually takes a little longer for men than for women. So if you are only in your early 20s, the completion of growth must be confirmed by x-rays. This is especially important when deciding to have implants fitted. Otherwise, they can significantly interfere with the growth of the affected area of your jaw.

If there is a gap between the teeth for a long time, it is possible that the jawbone will recede because it is no longer loaded. Periodontitis and other inflammations can also cause the jawbone to recede. If you decide to have one or more implants placed in such a case, it may be necessary to strengthen or widen the jawbone in the affected area so that the implants can grow stably there. Both the patient's own bone and artificial bone can be used for this purpose. The dentist will examine this and discuss the exact procedure with you during the consultation.

During your consultation, you will not only be informed about types of dental prostheses and the procedure, costs and risks of treatment, but you will also have to answer questions yourself. These include your pre-existing conditions, as these can affect your suitability for different types of dentures. Usually, no disease prevents treatment, but it can make it more complicated or expensive.

Diseases that you should inform your dentist about include osteoporosis, hemophilia, cardiovascular disease, kidney damage, or a weakened immune system. If you have ever had to take bisphosphonates, this is also important information for your dentist. Allergies to the materials used are also relevant and should be clarified beforehand.

Unfortunately, for those with public health insurance, a dental implant is associated with costs. Although dental prostheses are covered by the public health insurance system, only 60% of the costs are covered (before October 2020, only 50% were covered). For example, if you have a bridge made at a cost of €1,000, the public health insurance will pay €600. If you regularly go for preventive checkups, the share covered by the insurance can increase up to 75%.

But be careful: this share only refers to the standard treatment provided for your case. If you want a different treatment instead of the bridge - for example, an implant, which now costs €2,000 – public health insurance will still only cover the €600 of the standard treatment. It can therefore be worthwhile to take out supplementary dental insurance, with which you can reduce the co-payment costs of dental prostheses.

If you want to be reimbursed for a dental prosthesis as a private patient, it depends on your insurance and your tariff which costs you must cover yourself. With ottonova, for example, depending on the tariff, you will be reimbursed up to 90% of your replacement, and if you visit a doctor from our dentist network, even up to 100%.

Dental prostheses: costs, types & options at a glance | english (2)

HIER SCHREIBT Marie-Theres Rüttiger

Marie-Theres is online editor for health and insurance topics at ottonova. She designs the editorial plan, researches and writes mainly about (e-)health and innovation that make life better.

Dental prostheses: costs, types & options at a glance | english (3)

HIER SCHREIBT ottonova sales experts

Our ottonova team of experts has over 40 years of experience in private health insurance and answers questions about it every day. What are old-age provisions and for whom does private health insurance make sense? What is the actuarial interest rate and which tariff is right for you? They know!

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Dental prostheses: costs, types & options at a glance | english (2024)

FAQs

What is included in a dental prosthesis? ›

Simply put, a dental prosthesis replaces a missing tooth (or teeth) or covers teeth defects. Some of the most popular dental prostheses include bridges, crowns, implants, dentures, and veneers.

What are the 2 types of complete denture prosthesis? ›

If you need a complete prosthesis

There are two types of complete denture prostheses: removable and fixed.

What is the difference between dental implants and dental prosthesis? ›

The implant is implanted directly into the bone, restoring chewing function and aesthetics in the case of a single or complete absence of teeth. The prosthesis is fixed on living roots and requires more careful care. Long-term treatment process — long-term effect.

What are the different types of fixed prostheses? ›

Contents
  • 2.1 Crown.
  • 2.2 Bridge.
  • 2.3 Inlay.
  • 2.4 Onlay.
  • 2.5 Veneer.
  • 2.6 Dental implants. 2.6.1 Screw-retained restoration. 2.6.2 Cement-retained restoration.

What is the survival rate of dental prosthesis? ›

Recent studies reported 86%–98% survival rates for dental implants after 5 years of follow-up (2, 3) and around 90% even after 10 years of follow-up (4, 5). Implant-related complications have been categorized into two main types: biological and technical.

What is a prosthesis that replaces all of the teeth? ›

Removable full denture, also referred to as a denture, replaces all of the teeth in one arch.

What are the best and most comfortable dentures? ›

Flexible Dentures Are a Fan Favorite

Because flexible dentures are metal-free, they are less likely to cause allergic reactions. Another benefit to flexible dentures is that patients adjust to wearing them much faster than traditional dentures.

What are the newest types of dentures? ›

Implant-supported dentures represent the latest in denture technology, combining the practical aspect of dentures with the solid foundation of implant dentistry. For implant dentures in Eagan, your dentist uses four to six implants to secure the denture.

What are the best dentures to get? ›

Porcelain is harder than acrylic. This makes dentures more durable. Also, porcelain dentures provide excellent aesthetics since the replacement teeth look a lot more like natural teeth. This material is better for bearing the daily wearing of teeth while we talk, chew or bite.

What is the most affordable way to replace missing teeth? ›

Dentures. The most affordable tooth replacement solution is dentures. This is because they take the least amount of time to create. There is no surgery and no dental crowns to place.

Are implants more expensive than dentures? ›

Dentures and dental implants can vary widely in price. Dentures are typically more affordable upfront, with a standard set of complete dentures costing around $1,000. However, dentures need to be replaced every 5 to 7 years. Dental implants cost more upfront, with a single tooth implant costing around $3,000.

What are the downfalls of dental implants? ›

Here are some of the disadvantages to consider.
  • Cost Consideration of Dental Implants. ...
  • Not covered by dental insurance. ...
  • Requires oral surgery. ...
  • Surgical Risks and Complications. ...
  • Long Process and Healing Time. ...
  • Requirement for Healthy Jawbone. ...
  • Requires multiple appointments. ...
  • Restorations require replacement.
Jan 24, 2024

Are Kanye West's new teeth permanent? ›

On Friday, a rep clarified that they are "permanent titanium teeth." A separate source close to Ye elaborated that the artist got new metal "fixed prosthodontics." "They are, as the name suggests, fixed and permanent.

What are removable dental prostheses? ›

Removable dental prostheses are dental restorations that can be removed by the patient when using it is not necessary. Dentures are the most common removable dental prosthesis in the market and are, by far, the most common way that most patients choose to replace their missing teeth.

What is one of the main problems with all ceramic crowns? ›

All-ceramic crowns are more prone to breaking or cracking. In terms of longevity and durability, nothing beats an all-metal crown.

What is considered a prosthesis? ›

A prosthesis is a device designed to replace a missing part of the body or to make a part of the body work better. Diseased or missing eyes, arms, hands, legs, or joints are commonly replaced by prosthetic devices. False teeth are known as dental prostheses.

What is the prosthetic part of a dental implant? ›

By definition, a prosthetic is an artificial part of the body, and when you are discussing a dental implant prosthetic, you are referring to two different parts, the metal insert that connects to the jawbone and the actual tooth itself.

What is the difference between a prosthesis and an appliance in dentistry? ›

A dental prosthesis is a dental appliance that replaces a missing tooth or covers up tooth defects. These dental appliances include implants, crowns, bridges, dentures and veneers, and some of them can be removable or permanently fixed in your mouth.

What are the components of fixed partial dental prosthesis? ›

Three main components are locked together in one FPD unit: pontic, retainer, and connector (Figure 3.12). Figure 3.12. Diagram showing all components of a three-unit FPD. A Pontic is the artificial tooth on an FPD that replaces the missing natural tooth and restores its function.

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